Visit the Kenrokuen Garden, considered one of the "three most beautiful gardens in Japan". The spacious garden used to be the outer garden of the Kanazawa Castle. Constructed by the ruling Maeda family over a period of nearly two centuries it was opened to the public in 1871. The garden is filled with a variety of trees, ponds, waterfalls and flowers stretching over 25 acres. The name Kenrokuen literally means "Garden of the Six Sublimities", referring to spaciousness, seclusion, artificiality, antiquity, abundant water and broad views, which, according to Chinese landscape theory, are the six essential attributes that make up a perfect garden.