Chiang Mai (New City) was founded in 1296 by King Meng Rai as the capital of the first independent Thai state, Lanna Thai (Kingdom of One Million Rice Fields). It became the cultural and religious center for those who had migrated from southern China to dwell in Thailand, and remained so throughout the turbulent period of recurring Burmese attacks. The Burmese finally captured Chiang Mai in 1556 and occupied it until King Taksin retook the city in 1775, driving the Burmese forces back to near the present border.As a result, Burmese influence on religion, architecture, language, cuisine, and culture remains strong. Today the city stands on the Ping River, a major tributary of the Chao Phraya River, and enjoys a renowned reputation for its laid-back atmosphere, picturesque scenery and historic temples.
Chiang Mai International Airport (CNX), 60 Mahidol Rd, Amphoe Mueang Chiang Mai, Chang Wat Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand